2019-03-19 12:03:01 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:李赛
核心提示:煤气灯操纵这个词之所以再度出现在我们的日常用语中,部分原因是针对女性的暴力行为受到了更广泛的社会关注。
百度 而黄晓明更是早在2012年,就大手笔地送了一辆百万豪车给经纪人光是2015年,黄晓明就发出了百万年终奖,让员工好好地感受了一把人民币的味道...此外,百万年终奖的最小总裁董子健也是壕无人性,从工作人员桀骜不驯的眼神中,小妹感受到了她满满的自豪!但是...要论起娱乐圈明星老板的代表人物,小妹真的不得不提起范爷!范冰冰的年终奖历来都是圈内的标杆,一掷千金的豪气...还真不是普通老板比得过的!新款手机?钻石?手表?LV包?小妹觉得,这在范爷公司的年终奖里,只能算是附赠的大礼包...范冰冰不仅早年就为员工置办婚礼,代付了昂贵的定金。

Explainer: What Does “Gaslighting” Mean?

释疑解惑:何为“煤气灯操纵”?

Jessamy Gleeson 杰莎米·格利森

Shortlisted for the Oxford English Dictionary's 2018 word of the year, “gaslighting” has well and truly found its way into contemporary thought and vernacular.

But what, exactly, does it mean? Where did it come from? And why is it experiencing a resurgence today?

Gaslighting takes its name from the 1944 film Gaslight, starring Ingrid Bergman and Charles Boyer. In the film, Paula (Bergman) is deliberately and gradually manipulated by her husband,Gregory (Boyer), into believing she is insane. Paula's late aunt's priceless jewels are hidden in their house: if Paula is declared insane and committed to an asylum, Gregory can search for the jewels in peace.

One of his main tactics in convincing Paula she is losing her mind is his manipulation of the gaslights in their home. Whenever he sneaks off to the attic to search for the jewels, he switches on the lights in that part of the house: this leads all other lights to flicker and dim. Upon returning to Paula, he denies all knowledge of this,leading her to question her sanity.

Gaslighting is a new term for a relatively old set of behaviours. If you've read the ancient Greek myth of Cassandra (about a woman cursed to foresee true prophecies that others disbelieve due to her perceived mental instability), watched The Truman Show, or listened to Shaggy's hit song, It Wasn't Me (in which a man tells his girlfriend it wasn't him she saw having sex with another woman), you've seen gaslighting in action.

Although it can cover various behaviours, the central tenet of gaslighting is the psychological manipulation of a person in order to erode their sense of self and sanity.

The behaviour itself is not always deliberate, in that the perpetrator may not have consciously set out to distort another person's experience of reality. But gaslighting is often used as a method of power and control.

Common gaslighting tactics can include denial of the gaslightee's experience (“That wasn't what happened!”), escalation (“Why would you question this? I wouldn't lie to you!”), trivialisation (“You're too sensitive, this is nothing”), and countering (“That wasn't what happened, this was”).

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